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Nemrut Dağı Tümülüsü

Nemrut Dağı Tümülüsü Nemrut Dağı Tümülüs Tarihi Nemrut Dağı Tümülüsü hakkında bilgi

Nemrut Dağı Tümülüsü :Nemrut Dağı, Adıyaman’ın 86 km. doğusunda Kahta ilçesinin Karadut köyünde, dünyanın sekizinci harikası olarak tanınan, tepesinde küçük kırma taşların yığılmasıyla oluşturulmuş konik bir tümülüsün bulunduğu, 2150 m. Yükseklikte, görkemli bir kültür ve turizm merkezidir. İ.Ö. 1. Yüzyıla tarihlenen ve orijinali 55 m. olan tümülüsün bugünkü yüksekliği 50 m., çapı 150 metredir. Gündoğumu ve günbatımının tüm ihtişamıyla izlenebildiği bu tepede,  Kommagene Kralı 1. Antiochos kendisi için görkemli bir anıt mezar, mezar odasının üzerine kırma taşlardan oluşan bir tümülüs ve tümülüsün üç tarafını çevreleyen kutsal alanlar inşa ettirmiştir. Tümülüs, Kral 1. Antiochos’un şerefine tertiplenen törenlere mahsus 3 terasla çevrilidir. Doğu, batı ve kuzey terasları olarak adlandırılan bu alanlardan doğu ve batı teraslarda; sıra halinde dizilmiş  blok halinde 8 yontma taşın üst üste oturtulmasıyla oluşturulan  8-10 metre   yüksekliğinde  muhteşem heykeller, kabartmalar ve yazıtlar   bulunmaktadır.  Heykeller, bir aslan ve bir kartal heykeliyle başlar ve aynı düzende son bulur. Hayvanların kralı olan aslan yeryüzündeki gücü, tanrıların habercisi olan kartal ise göksel gücü sembolize eder. Heykeller  her iki tarafta da şu şekilde sıralanmıştır:

Kral 1. Antiochos (Theos);  Fortuna (Theichye-Kommagene-Tanrıça) Zeus (Oromasdes); Apollo (Mithras-Helios-Hermes), Herakles (Ares-Artagnes).

Kült yazıtlarında anne tarafından Büyük İskender’den(Alexandır)(Yunan-Makedonya) baba tarafından ise, Darieos’dan (Pers) geldiğini ifade eden Antiochos, atalarından gelen bu etnik farklılığı birleştirerek, kültür zenginliği haline dönüştürmenin göstergesi olarak tanrı heykellerinin yüzünü doğuya ve batıya çevirmiştir. Zaten tanrı heykellerinin isimleri de hem Grek, hem de Pers dili ile ifade edilmiştir.
kaynak:adiyaman.gov.tr

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