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Amasya SULTAN II. BAYEZİD KULLİYESİ

Amasya SULTAN II. BAYEZİD KULLİYESİ Beyazıd külliyesi tarihi  2.Beyazıd külliyesi
SULTAN II. BAYEZİD KULLİYESİ: Amasya valisi Şehzade Ahmed gözetiminde, 1482-1486 yıları arasında, babası II. Bayezid adına yaptırılmıştır. Cami,medrese, imaret, şadırvan ve çeşmeden meydana gelmektedir. Caminin mimarı Şemseddin Ahmed’dir, İki büyük kubbe ile örtülü olan caminin mihrap, minber ve taç kapısı beyaz mermerden özenli bir biçimde yapılmıştır. Eser, Osmanlı mimarisinin tipik örneklerinden biridir. Bayezid Amasya’da valilik yaparken, Cem Sultan’ın saltanatı ele geçirme çabalarından haberdar olur. Şehzade’nin huzursuz olduğunu gören Amasya’nın ileri gelenlerinden bazıları, saltanata kendisinin geçeceğini müjdeler ve Amasya’ya cami, medrese ve imarethane inşasını rica ederler.

Sultan Bayezid bundan çok duygulanır ve tahta çıkışının hemen ardından istenen yapıları Amasya’ya inşa ettirir. Dört tarafı da kagir (taş ve tuğladan yapılmış) bir duvar ile çevrili olan külliyenin avlusunu çevreleyen surda, ikisi güneyde, ikisi kuzeyde, birer tane de doğu ve batıda olmak üzere toplam altı kapı bulunmaktadır.

Külliyenin kuzey tarafı tamamen ırmağa bakmaktadır. Bahçede, 400-500 yıllık anıt ağaçlar bulunmaktadır. Külliyeyi çevreleyen 120 x 160 m boyutlarındaki avlu içinde, ortada cami, caminin sağ (batı) tarafında büyük bir medrese, sol (doğu) tarafında bir imarethane ve kiler vardır.

Avlunun güneydoğu köşesinde türbe (II.Bayezid’in şehzadesi Ahmed’in oğlu Osman Çelebi), kuzey ve güneydoğusunda birer şadırvan, caminin kuzeybatısında da muvakkithane bulunmaktadır.

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